06.04.2020
Sala 412 12:15 

Jarosław Pawłowski, PWr, Wydział Podstawowych Problemow Techniki, Katedra Fizyki Teoretycznej

Solid-state quantum computing - a simple overview

In the seminar I will deal with the idea of quantum computing (QC). I will start with a brief description of the idea of quantum information processing, quantum parallelization and its advantage over the "classical" approach and show where it will be potentially useful. What kind of computational problems are already implemented in quantum and how they outperform classical ones. Then I will move to hardware issues and summarize the great problem of QC implementation. I will focus primarily on the solid-state QC, as it is considered to be easily scalable and integrable with classical semiconductor electronics. I will discuss the best qubit implementation techniques (as used in Google and IBM devices) and actual problems with them, as well as other, e.g. "exotic" topological QC ideas where a multi-qubit quantum state is "protected" from decoherence by the electron bands topology. I will finish on describing my own calculations and simulations of qubit proposals in quantum structures with reduced dimensionality, i.e. semiconductor nanowires with strong spin-orbit coupling or quantum dots in graphene like structures: J. Pawłowski, New Journal of Physics 21, 123029 (2019). J. Pawłowski, D. Żebrowski, and S. Bednarek, Physical Review B 97, 155412 (2018). J. Pawłowski, P. Szumniak, S. Bednarek, Physical Review B 94, 155407 (2016)